Egypt’s population growth declines by 8 percent in 2023

Population reached 105.858 million on January 1, 2024
Egypt’s population growth declines by 8 percent in 2023
The decline in Egypt's population is due to a decrease in the number of births in 2023

Egypt’s Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics announced that the population growth in 2023 decreased by 8 percent compared to 2022. In addition, it stated that Egypt’s population reached 105.858 million on January 1, 2024, compared to 104.395 million million during the same period last year.

The agency attributed the decline in Egypt’s population growth to the decrease in the number of births in 2023 compared to 2022. The number of births in 2023, according to preliminary data, reached 2.044 million. That is compared to 2.93 million in 2022 which is a decrease of about 149,000.

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi launched the National Project for Development of the Egyptian Family in February 2022. The program aims to improve education, health, economic empowerment, and culture. It also aims to control population growth in Egypt.

Global birth rates

The world population recorded 8.05 billion on 1 July 2023. Some 1.28 billion of the world’s population live in more developed countries which include Europe, North America, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan.

Moreover, 2023 witnessed a significant change in the ranking of countries in terms of population. India rose to first place as the most populous nation, relegating China to second place.

Meanwhile, 6.77 billion live in less developed countries including Africa and Asia (excluding  Japan), Latin America, the Caribbean, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

The world population is expected to reach 8.9 billion people by mid-2035, and 9.7 billion people by mid-2050.

Egypt is ranked fourteenth in the world in terms of population, third in Africa, and first in the Arab world.

Read: Global population set to hit 8 billion on New Year’s Day

Population growth

The global population growth rate reached 1.0 percent in 2023. Meanwhile, the rate in most developed countries reached 0.1 percent. However, in some countries such as Spain, it was at negative 0.1 percent. Germany recorded a population growth of negative 0.04 percent. On the other hand, the rate increased in developing countries such as Niger to 3.7 percent and Congo to 3.2 percent.

When it comes to infant mortality rate, the global rate reached 26.7 children per thousand live births in 2023. This rate dropped to 1.4 children per thousand live births in countries such as Slovenia and Iceland. Meanwhile, it rose to 70.6 children per thousand live births in Nigeria and 70.5 children per one thousand people born in Sierra Leone.

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