Saudi banking sector continues to capture benefits of economic expansion

Total assets grew by 11.5% reaching to SAR3,832 bn
Saudi banking sector continues to capture benefits of economic expansion
Saudi banking industry reported robust growth in 2022

With the global banking industry making headlines in the past weeks, the Saudi banking sector published its annual results for 2022. According to KPMG, a provider of audit, tax, and advisory services, in its annual market update, the consolidated numbers for the ten Tadawul-listed banks reflect a robust performance, particularly indicating an increase in net profit by 28%, reaching 62.71 billion riyals ($16.7 billion). The growth trajectory is expected to continue on account of consistent demand for public and private sector financing and the availability of non-interest-bearing deposits.

The challenges faced by the global banking sector were particularly heightened by shockwaves sent by the failures of Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank in the US and the acquisition of Credit Suisse in Europe. 

“During 2022 the total assets of Saudi banks grew 11.5% reaching 3,832 billion riyals ($1.02 billion) while deposits are up by 8.34% and closed at 2,296 billion riyals ($611.7 million). We have seen the added liquidity requirements were fulfilled through Tier 1 capital and sukuk,” commented Ovais Shahab, Head of Financial Services at KPMG in Saudi Arabia. 

Saudi banking

Ovais Shahab


Overall, the banking industry has continued to capture the benefits of economic expansion, evidenced by an increase in lending and reaching a loan-to-deposit ratio of approximately 95.5% at the end of December 2022 and an increase in loan books by 14.44% year-on-year.

Read more: Saudi banks’ net profits increased to SAR62.7 bn in 2022

The increase in net profit from last year is further marked by a substantial decrease in expected credit loss (ECL) allowances, which declined by 19.25% year-on-year to 9.87 billion riyals as the industry has successfully come out of Covid-19 and better-managing portfolio performance across various industry segments.

The industry’s loan-to-deposit ratio of 95% is more than desired and reflects some pressure on banks to improve their liquidity through raising deposits if they wish to fetch the benefits of economic growth funded by the government’s spending on key sectors and the roll-out of its Giga projects.

“Banks are cognizant of anticipated pressures on liquidity and accordingly we have evidenced capitalization of retained earnings, issuance of Tier I capital, and customized solutions to cater to future economic needs and shifting market dynamics,” added Shahab.

An upsurge in such Tier I capital issuance has been noted across the banking participants to support the core equity base and fulfill the financial and strategic needs. At present, 28.14 billion riyals ($7.5 billion) have been issued, which is likely to increase further shortly according to Shahab.

Going forward, risks seem more dynamic and interconnected than ever before; emerging technologies rise as a major disruptors in business and the greatest threat to organizational growth if they are not agile and fast enough to change. KPMG believes that operational excellence will remain a high priority while regulatory changes will only grow over the next few years.

“SAMA has always extended support to the banking industry so that market participants can continue playing a crucial role in the ambitious economic expansion agenda of the Kingdom,” Shahab concluded.

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